How to decide whether to use toward or towards?

“Toward” is a word dating back to Old English, where it was a portmanteau of to and -weard, a suffix indicating direction. It existed thus in the developing English language for centuries.

Cecilia Gigliotti
Cecilia Gigliotti

The correct spelling of toward vs. towards — or, more to the point, whether a single correct spelling exists at all — has been hotly debated by grammarians and linguists for a long time. Is the s strictly necessary? Does adding versus removing it change the meaning of the word or the context in which it should be used?

Let’s take a closer look.

The transatlantic history of toward

“Toward” is a word dating back to Old English, where it was a portmanteau of to and -weard, a suffix indicating direction. It existed thus in the developing English language for centuries.

The additional s was not original to the structure of the word, but as it migrated across the Atlantic it became a point of differentiation between the rapidly dividing branches of British and American English.

Both versions are technically acceptable in both regions, although “toward” tends to be preferred in North America and “towards” in Britain (a similar principle applies to the American while and the British whilst).

In short, you can use either version in most contexts, literal and figurative — referring to physical direction or a metaphorical relationship to something or someone — and be understood.

One caveat: this is not to be confused with “untoward,” an offshoot adjective which means suspect, ill-fitting, or inappropriate, and which never includes an s.

Examples:

Even our arguments didn’t really affect how I felt towards him.
At the press conference, the pop star directed her comments toward the people who had once criticized her work.
As they crossed the border, it seemed to the family that they were driving toward their destiny.
Back to the Future (1985)
Guardians of the Galaxy (2014)
The Martian (2015)
Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi (1983)
EnglishIdioms & expressionsWhich is correct

Cecilia Gigliotti

I have extensive experience writing in a variety of genres, from literary novels to music reviews to academic articles. I appreciate the power of words.


Cecilia Gigliotti

I have extensive experience writing in a variety of genres, from literary novels to music reviews to academic articles. I appreciate the power of words.

Geoffrey Mutie

My name is Geoffrey! I am constantly looking for new ways to improve my writing skills and my interpersonal skills, which in my opinion help a person be professional.

Milena Lazova

I'm an ESL teacher with over 7 years of experience in providing original content. I really like writing educational articles which may help others learn some aspects of English.