People often confuse led and lead and don’t know which of these terms to use when talking about the past. But, the solution to the led vs. lead confusion is straightforward as you only need to know a few things about these terms.
These include knowing the present and past forms of the verb “lead,” as well as the meaning of the noun “lead.”
Led vs. Lead—Why the confusion?
People find it hard to remember the right usage for “led” and “lead” mostly because they are not sure if the past tense of “lead” is “led” or “lead.”
One of the reasons for this confusion is that “lead” is spelled similarly to “read” in the present tense, and the past form of “read” is “read.” Therefore, you may think that the same thing happens with the past tense of “lead.”
However, this is another case with the verb “lead.”
The past tense of “lead”
The past tense of this verb is “led.”
Let me lead you. (present tense)
A group of people led by Native Americans marched into the park. (past tense)
“Lead” and “led”—definition
The verb “lead” means to guide someone, so “led” would mean someone or something was guided by someone in the past. However, there’s another meaning of this verb: a route to a specific direction or place.
The gate led to a beautiful garden.
“Lead” as a noun
Another reason for led vs. lead confusion is that you can use the word “lead” as a noun. In that case, it can mean a type of metal, first place in a contest, or an example that others should follow.
This may cause lead poisoning.
After playing for two hours, he finally took the lead.
Israel is now taking the lead in COVID-19 vaccination.
To sum up
Use the verb “lead” when you want to talk about something happening in the present and “led” when you talk about the past. Remember, “led” is the past of “lead.”