Without personal pronouns, the English language would be boring and full of repetitions. There are three types of personal pronouns, two of which are used in almost every sentence — subject pronoun and object pronoun.
If you want to learn the English language better, you may want to know how to recognize them.
Subject pronoun vs. object pronoun
In order to understand subject and object pronouns and be able to differentiate between them, you need to know that pronouns are a set of words used as substitutes for nouns.
Object pronoun—definition and example
An object pronoun is a personal pronoun used instead of an object in the sentence. The object, on the other hand, is the receiver of the action described by the verb. Objective pronouns are you, me, him, her, it, them, and us.
For example, in the sentence “The girl danced with her partner,” the object is “the partner.” The word that can replace “the partner” in this sentence would be an object pronoun. In this case, that would be him.
The girl danced with him.
Subject pronoun—definition and example
A subject pronoun is a personal pronoun used instead of the subject in the sentence. The subject is the doer of the action, and it’s usually found at the beginning of the sentence. These pronouns are we, you, it, she, he, and they.
If we use the same sentence, “The girl danced with her partner,” the subject would be “The girl,” which can be replaced with the subject pronoun “she.”
She danced with her partner.
How to know which one to use
If you’re looking for a word that would replace the doer of the action (the lecturer) described by the verb (gave), you need a subject pronoun (she).
If you need a word to replace the receiver of the action (students), you need an object pronoun (them, us – depending on the situation). The following are object and subject pronoun examples:
The lecturer usually gives a lot of homework to students.
She usually gives a lot of homework to students.
The lecturer usually gives them/us a lot of homework.